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I. Cấu trúc một đoạn văn tiếng Anh ngắn
1. The topic sentence (câu chủ đề)
– Là câu đầu đoạn văn và cũng là câu quan trọng nhất trong đoạn.
– Câu này nêu vắn tắt nội dung mà đoạn văn sắp trình bày.
2. The controlling idea (Ý tưởng chủ đạo)
-Thường được đề cập trong câu chủ đề.
– Lật mở trọng tâm của cả đoạn văn.
– Giới hạn chủ đề của đoạn văn thành những vấn đề cụ thể.
– Các cụm từ dùng để diễn đạt controlling idea (Ý tưởng chủ đạo)
- Two main types (2 loại chính)
- Three groups (3 nhóm)
- The following (như sau)
- Several problems (nhiều vấn đề)
- Several ways (nhiều cách)
- Two aims (2 mục tiêu)
- Results (các kết quả)
- Several reasons (nhiều lí do)
- Four steps (4 bước)
- Two classes (2 nhóm)
- These disadvantages (những bất lợi sau đây)
- Three main causes (3 nguyên nhân chính)
- Three characteristics (3 đặc điểm)
Các tính từ dùng để diễn đạt controlling idea (Ý tưởng chủ đạo)
- Suitable (thích hợp)
- Unsuitable (không thích hợp)
- Beneficial (có ích)
- Harmful (có hại)
3. The supporting sentences (các câu giải thích cho câu chủ đề)
– Đưa ra các ý chính để giải thích, chứng minh cho câu chủ đề.
– Các liên từ dùng để liên kết các ý chính trong phần thân bài:
- Firstly……….. Secondly………. Lastly
- In the first place (đầu tiên)……….. Also (tương tự như thế)……….. Lastly (cuối cùng)
- Generally (nhìn chung) …….. Furthermore (hơn nữa) …….. Finally (cuối cùng)
- To be sure (chắc chắn rằng) …….. Additionally (thêm vào đó) ……… lastly (cuối cùng)
- In the first place (đầu tiên) ………. just in the same way (tương tự như thế) ……… Finally (cuối cùng)
- Basically (Cơ bản thì) ………….. Similarly (tương tự như thế) ………….. As well (Đồng thời)
– Các liên từ để liên kết các supporting details
- Consequently: Cho nên
- It is evident that = It is apparent that = It goes without saying that = Without a doubt = Needless to say (rõ ràng rằng)
- Furthermore: Hơn nữa
- Additionally: Thêm vào đó
- In addition: Thêm vào đó
- Moreover: Hơn nữa
- In the same way: Tương tự như vậy
- More importantly/remarkably…: Quan trọng hơn, nổi bật hơn…
– Các từ dùng để diễn đạt một ý khác hoặc nêu chi tiết một ý trong phần thân bài:
- In other words: Nói cách khác
- Specifically: Nói một cách cụ thể
4. The concluding sentence (câu kết luận)
– Là câu cuối đoạn văn
– Nhắc lại ý chính đã nêu ở câu chủ đề bằng 1 cách viết khác, đưa ra kết luận dựa trên các lập luận đã đưa ra trước đó.
– Các liên từ dùng để kết thúc 1 đoạn văn:
- In conclusion
- In short
- In a nutshell
- To summary
II. TOP 25 Các đoạn văn tiếng Anh theo chủ đề thường gặp
Viết 1 đoạn văn tiếng Anh đơn giản về các chủ đề sau đây:
1. Viết đoạn văn về ngày Tết bằng tiếng Anh có dịch
Lunar New Year Festival often falls between late January and early February; it is among the most important holidays in Vietnam. Officially, the festival includes the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd day in Lunar Calendar; however, Vietnamese people often spend nearly a month celebrating this special event. Tet Holiday gets its beginning marked with the first day in the Lunar Year; however, its preparation starts long before that. The 23rd day of the last Lunar month is East Day—a ritual worshiping Kitchen Gods (Tao Cong). It thought that each year on this day, these Gods go to heaven to tell Jade Emperor about all activities of households on earth. On New Year’s Eve, they return home to continue their duties as taking care of families. On New Year’s Day, the first ones who come to visit households—called first-foot—are very important and hence need to be well chosen, as they believed to hold in their hands the entire luck of the family in New Year (Tan Nien). After that, till the third day or even the fourth day of Tet, individuals meet relatives, friends, and colleagues, wishing them all kinds of good things like happiness, health, and success.
Xem chi tiết tại: 17 Đoạn văn viết về Tết bằng tiếng Anh
2. Write about your hobby
Most of my friends like to stay inside to play video games, read books or watch TV, but I have a good hobby of going outside and playing sports. I play many different sports in my free time; some of them are soccer, swimming, volleyball and basketball. Sometimes I also ride the bikes or do board skating with my cousin in the park. In my opinion, doing sport is one of the rare hobbies that actually have good impacts on me. I am taller than most of my classmates thanks to swimming and basketball lessons that I take during summer time. My muscles are even stronger than my older brother, and I can last longer than most other people in any sport competition. Sports bring me a lot of benefits, and they are also fun things to do at the same time. I love the feeling of the cool water run through my face when I am swimming, and it seems like I am flying whenever I take a dive underwater. When I play soccer, it is very exciting for me or my teammates to score a goal even though we do not take part in any tournament. Both of my physical and mental health become better after I play sports, so it can be considered as the best things to do in my free time. Sports are like a part of my life besides other activities, and I will continue to play sports till I am too weak for them.
- 9 Đoạn văn tiếng Anh về sở thích
- Paragraph write about your hobby
3 Write about your ideal lover in future
Each person must have the ideal partner for themselves. For me, my ideal partner is a good heart, honesty, and respect parents, hardworking, and educated. Moreover, she is also a pretty and attractive woman.
Firstly, I love my ideal partner very much because she is enough clever to keep my heart cheerful and always helps me when I need her, especially in my studies.
Besides that, my girlfriend is good heart and responsible when she always reminds me that education is very important because that is what determines our future.
Therefore I have to put my education first and when I have problems in studying, we can share with each other to solve together. Last but not least, my woman always respect my parents by greeting them, asking them whenever she helping them in some situations.
For my conclusion, when we want to choose the ideal partner for us, we must know the background of her life and characteristics so that we can choose a suitable lover in the future
4. Write about your favorite subject at school
When going to school, there are many subjects; however I still like literature the most. First, literature plays an important role in both education and daily life. Literature is not limit to a subject to be learnt at school. Furthermore, this subject teaches human about several aspects of life. From the very first step, student learns to write, read as well as describe things and people. Moreover, literature teaches one to be a responsible citizen and likeable personality. Literature is more than a subject, it’s an art and it can be applied directly into life such as: journalism, editor. People are not born to learn this unique subject, it needs long time to exercise to master. Besides, when learning literature people not only know more works of art but also understand culture, tradition of each country. Literature is the mirror reflecting human and their lifestyle. Studying literature means learning the way to love and live a true life. All in all, with great benefits of literature, it is necessary for each society especially developing countries.
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7 Đoạn văn viết về môn học em yêu thích bằng Tiếng Anh có dịch
5. Write about your favorite sport
I love a quite strange sport for everyone, and it is ping pong. Not many people in Vietnam who are interested in ping pong, and it is also hard to find a place to actually have enough equipment to play it. Ping pong, or it also known as table tennis, consists of two or four players hitting a lightweight ball back and forth on a table. The table is divided in two halves by a net, and it marks the playing zone of each team. The basic rule for amateurs is pretty simple as players need to let the ball touch their side of the table one time before bouncing back. They then hit the ball back to their opponent’s side with a small paddle, and this time the ball also need to touch the other side of the table as well. A point is counted when a player fail to return back the ball, let it touch the net, or make it land outside of the table. Since it is played on a table, so the area is not big enough for us to wait and think about the next move. Therefore, we need to play it with fast reactions and nonstop motions. We only have one second to act the next step right after hitting the ball, and it does not take much time to complete a set. In a competition, and match usually consists of five or seven sets, and the first one to score 11 points wins a set. Many people do not take this sport serious, but I think it is a very good sport to train both of our physical and mental health as we need to be tough and have quick reactions at the same time.
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6 đoạn văn mẫu về môn Thể thao mà bạn yêu thích bằng Tiếng Anh
Write about a sport/ game you like
6. Write about a person you love most
My mother is a person I admire most. She devoted a lot of time and energy to the upbringing of my two brothers and I. Despite working hard, she always made time to teach us many useful things which are necessary and important in our later lives. Moreover, she is a good role model for me to follow. She always tries to get on well with people who live next door and help everyone when they are in difficulties, so most of them respect and love her. I admire and look up to my mother because she not only brings me up well but also stands by me and gives some help if necessary. For example, when I encounter some difficulties, she will give me some precious advice to help me solve those problems. She has a major influence on me and I hope that I will inherit some of her traits.
Đoạn văn tiếng Anh tả mẹ: Bài viết tiếng Anh về mẹ
7. Write about the subject you hate most at school
Back in high school, the subject that I really hated was literature. I did not understand why others could write easily but I could not. Honestly, I really admired my friends because they always wrote long essays, and theirs all were full of feelings. When I look back now, I can figure out some reasons. First of all, I belonged to natural science. That was why I always got five scores for literature but maximum ones for math. The second reason was also the most critical factor that impacted negatively on my writing skill. I remember that I had to write unreal things in my essays. For instance, my teachers were not perfect but I had to describe them as angels. How could I write well when the lies always stopped my ideas? In my opinion, this was the worst teaching way because the teachers were killing students’ self-expression and teaching their students how to tell lies. Fortunately, I was not good at writing, but I have never failed the exams because I always beat my brains out to finish my essays.
8. Write about your idol
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9 Đoạn văn về người nổi tiếng bằng Tiếng Anh
9. Write about your plan for future
Everybody has a plan for future. Though future is uncertain and many times unpredictable, I believe that to some extent our future depends on our actions on past and present. In the future, I want to run a mega shopping mall business where my involvement would not be mandatory to run the daily business and I would enjoy my time by visiting different places of the world.
After I finished my graduation, I started working for a small company. Now I am working for a large multinational company I have planned to work till I become 36 and then I will take early retirement. The money I will inherit and the amount I am currently saving per month should allow me to start a business. I have planned to start a big shopping mall. I will have my close relatives as the employees and authorities of the business and initially I will work in this shopping mall for 2-3 years to make it run smoothly. When the business would go on with its own path, I will enjoy my vacation and would visit different renowned and beautiful cities of the world. I will visit Asia, Europe, Russia and many more places.
Hopefully, I will enjoy the retirement and the trips. Though I am not sure about the future but I have already planned for it. Because I believe proper planning and initiation is the half of the total task and fulfilling dream. I have already taken some steps towards achieving my future plan.
10. Write about your best friend
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6 Đoạn văn ngắn Miêu tả bạn thân bằng Tiếng Anh
11. Describe your house
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Đoạn văn Tiếng Anh miêu tả Ngôi nhà
12. Write about your family
Xem chi tiết tại
Viết đoạn văn giới thiệu về gia đình bằng tiếng Anh
13. Write about your pet
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6 Đoạn văn miêu tả con vật bằng Tiếng Anh
14. Write about your favorite season
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Tả mùa hè bằng tiếng Anh
Tả mùa thu bằng tiếng Anh
Đoạn văn tả một mùa trong năm bằng Tiếng Anh
15. Talk about your favorite music
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Đoạn văn nói về dòng nhạc mà bạn yêu thích
16. Viết đoạn văn về quyển sách yêu thích
The book that I love most is “Hachiko – the waiting dog”. The book tells the story of the famous dog named Hachiko and friendship with his owner – professor Eisaburo. Hachiko lives with the professor’s family in Tokyo. Everyday, in the morning, Hachiko followed professor Eisaburo to the gas station when he commuted to work. And every afternoon, at 5 pm, no matter how sunny or rainy it was, the dog came to the gas station to wait for the professor comming back home. The way from home to the station and from the station to home was Hachiko’s the happiest time. Professor Eisaburo always confessed with Hachiko, talked and played with him. They had been together for a long time before a tragedy came up. As every day, Hachiko was waited for the professor coming back. But the professor had passed away because of a stroke when he was presenting on the stage. Not being discouraged, Hachiko still waited for the professor the following days regardless of any kind of weather. Once the professor’s wife sent him to the countryside far away from Tokyo, but Hachiko tried to escape and backed in the station to continue waiting until he died. This was a touching story and made me cry many times. I kept the book carefully and read again when I meet difficulties on school. The book helps me release stress and depression. Thanks to the book, I can learn a precious lesson.
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9 Đoạn văn về quyển sách yêu thích bằng Tiếng Anh
17. Write about your favorite film
Xem chi tiết tại:Viết về bộ phim yêu thích bằng tiếng Anh
Write a review of your favourite film
18. Write about your dream
To be a doctor to cure everyone is my biggest dream. Honestly, I’ve lived with my beloved grandfather since I was a child. My grandfather often gets sick, so I was determined to be a good doctor to take care of people like my grandpa. Every day, in addition to my school knowledge, I often read medical books, and learn more on some medical websites to study specialized knowledge. The more I learn, the more I love this job. In the upcoming university exam, I will register my aspirations to Hanoi Medical University. This will be a stepping stone for me to become a real doctor.
Xem chi tiết tại: Viết đoạn văn về ước mơ của em bằng tiếng Anh hay nhất
19. Write about traffic problem in Vietnam
Traffic safety and traffic that the world now needs to pay attention. It is not only the most important factors crucial to the development and survival of a nation, a territory but a junction of trade between regions of countries, cultures on world together. In advanced countries, the situation and development of their traffic is quite developed with a dense transport network and is regulated, but in Vietnam, … Urban transport situation in Vietnam is extremely chaotic. On average there are thousands of cases every year in traffic accidents, causing serious loss of life and property. Despite being upgraded and renovated several times but the transport system of Vietnam has not improved as much. Traffic jams occur repeatedly in large cities damaging hundreds of billion per year, not only that the injuries related to traffic accidents is also increasing, especially head injuries, spine. Circulation of vehicles on roads, railways, waterways each year but with increasing road infrastructure can present data to help the traffic situation.
Xem chi tiết tại: TOP 6 Bài viết tiếng Anh về giao thông Việt Nam
20. Describe a wonder of Viet Nam
The karst seascape of Ha Long Bay is one of the world’s most spellbinding sea views and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. With the bay’s scenery best seen by boat, this is prime cruising territory. You should opt for at least an overnight tour to see Ha Long Bay’s iconic views as a day trip doesn’t do it justice. There are plenty of caves in the bay that can be entered including the Hang Sung Sot, with three mammoth caverns, and the Hang Dao Go, with superbly weird stalagmites and stalactites. For most people though, the highlight is simply cruising amid the karsts and soaking up the changing scenery of pinnacles as you pass by.
Xem chi tiết tại: Viết về kỳ quan thiên nhiên bằng tiếng Anh hay nhất
21. Write about your school
My school is very excellent having red colour three-storey building. I like to go school on daily basis in the proper uniform. My school is located at very quiet place and away from all the crowd and noise of the city. My school has two small green gardens near to the main gate where lots of colourful flower beds, grassy lawns, fruits trees and a fountain.
My school has lots of facilities such as one computer room, two science laboratory, one big library, one big playground, one nice stage and one canteen. My school has classes for nursery to 12th class students. My school has around fifty seven highly qualified teachers including men and women, 20 helpers, one principal and 10 gate keepers. My teacher teaches us very politely and makes us learn subjects in very creative and attractive ways.
Xem chi tiết tại: Tả ngôi trường bằng tiếng Anh lớp 6
Bài viết tiếng Anh về trường học
22. Write about the traffic in Vietnam
Traffic is one of the most important problems in Vietnam. During many decades, traffic here is always difficult. This essay will present these problems and some solutions about the traffic of Vietnam.
First of all, there are many vehicles in the road at a time. One can be stuck in the traffic for hours during rush hours, specially in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City. Moreover, there are many signs in the road which make people feel confused. Vietnam’s traffic problems are very complicated.
Secondly, the sense of participation in Vietnam’s traffic is very indigent. Some people often go too fast and sloppy, cross the red light or carrying bulky. Most people always ride these motobikes on the sidewalk than waiting a bit.
In conclusion, traffic in Vietnam is still a difficult problem. I hope the traffic in Vietnam will be improved and become better and better in the future.
Xem chi tiết tại: TOP 6 Bài viết tiếng Anh về giao thông Việt Nam
23. Describe your hometown
My hometown is Hanoi, the capital city of Vietnam. It is located in Northern Vietnam. It is well known for Vietnam’s largest cultural and political center. Hanoi is famous for typical tropical seasoned place of SouthEast Asia with four seasons: fresh, green and cool in Spring, a bit hot in Summer, fine in the fall and cold in Winter. One things makes my hometown special is that you can meet both contemporary and classical architecture right in the city center. Beside many buildings and shopping center, you can see historical places such as Tran Quoc Pagoda, Hoa Lo Prison, Temple Literature,… Moreover, street food can be found on the main streets of Hanoi, and down many of the side streets and alleyways. You have to try some of the most popular foods in Hanoi, such as: Noodle, Rolled cake, West Lake shrimp cake,… However, one of the main downsides of Hanoi is environmental problems such as air pollution, caused by heavy traffic. Therefore, government builds many parks and plants trees. I love my hometown very much because it is an interesting place to live.
24. Write a paragraph about a favorite TV programme
As a senior high school student, I am very busy with my studies. Although I am very fond of watching television, I can only spend an hour after dinner on my hobby. Of all the TV programs, I like the news and documentaries best. The news programs shown on all TV channels at 7:00 p.m. help me to update almost everything about different places in our country and important events happening all over the world. Through these programs, I can also know about the main national and international sporting events. The documentary programs at weekends are my favorites. By watching them, I can learn a great deal about human civilizations, the wonders of nature and the amazing inventions and discoveries of great people in the world. Watching television is my hobby. I cannot imagine a day in my life without watching it.
25. Write about your daily routine
I usually get up at 7 o’clock in the morning. After washing my face and brushing my teeth, I do morning exercises for ten minutes. Then I have breakfast with my dad at 7:20 and leave home for school at 7:40. My classes start at 8:00 and end at 11:30. After that I come back home, and have lunch with my family at 12:00. After lunch I usually have a short break. I study my lessons, read books, and do my homework from 1:30 p.m. to 4:00 p.m. I often play football with my classmates on the ground at 4:30. I come back home and have dinner at 7:00 p.m. After dinner, I often watch the news on TV for thirty minutes. Then I prepare for the new lessons and go to bed at 10:30 p.m.
Đoạn văn tiếng Anh về công việc hàng ngày
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